Measles Outbreak

Why it's Happening Again

Measles+Outbreak

Ava Schneider, Journalist

Have you heard about the measles outbreak?

Measles are a highly contagious disease. They are started by a virus called the measles virus. You usually get symptoms of measles twelve to ten days after being exposed to the deadly virus. Some symptoms include, fever, rash, runny nose, inflamed eyes, and/or a cough.

Are measles really that dangerous?

Measles are a really serious and highly contagious respiratory infection. Measles can last for several weeks. Symptoms of the deadly virus usually start twelve to ten days after exposed.

If you get measles you may need to hospitalized. About one in four will be hospitalized. You have a higher chance of getting the measles if you are a young child under the age of five. This does not mean that adults can’t get the measles and die. If you are over the are of twenty you have a higher chance of getting the measles. Even if you vaccinated you have a chance of getting measles and being killed by the virus. Though the vaccine, (MMR) is highly effective, you still have a chance of getting the measles after being exposed to the virus.

How does a doctor diagnose the measles?

Your doctor can almost always see if you have measles depending on the traits of a rash, or Koplik’s spot. Koplik’s spot is a small white spot on the inside lining of your cheek.

The rash, can be mixed up with many other illnesses, because not many doctors have seen much of the measles due to the rarity of it. Because of this, if you do get measles you may get a blood test to ensure that you have the measles.

What is the treatment to the measles?

There is not a specific treatment to the measles yet. As I said before, you can get the highly effective MMR vaccine. The MMR vaccine stands for, Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. All three are very dangerous, and will really hurt you if you get them.

However, there are some side affects to the MMR vaccine. Common ones include: rash, headache, redness where vaccine was given, or tenderness. Do not be scared or nervous to get the vaccine. The side effects are much better than getting the measles mumps or rubella.

What are the ages you should get vaccine?

You should get your first dose at the age of twelve to fifteen months.  You should get your second dose at the age of four to six. You could get your second dose earlier then what I just said, as long as it is at least twenty eight days after first dose. Teens and adults also need to keep up with their vaccinations. They can get them twenty eight days apart. There is no specific ages to get your vaccinations.

Who needs a booster vaccine?

The mostly of people who need a booster shot are only people who do not get their first two vaccinations as a child. If you have had the measles before you are concerted immune to the measles. If you have had it once you have had the measles your body’s immune system will recognize the virus and know what to do. That is exactly what the MMR vaccine does. It gives your body a small dose of the measles so that your body knows what to do when and if your body does get the measles.

How do you get exposed to measles?

The measles spread like any other disease. For example, coughing sneezing, or talking. The virus goes up into the air and finds it’s way to another poor souls body. This being so the measles spread extremely easily from person to person. If you are close to a person who has, or has been exposed to measles, you have to be very careful. You should always stay away and tell someone if they have the symptoms of measles I stated before, fever, rash, runny nose, and/or a cough.

Does the measles go by any other names?

Most of the time you will hear the measles called the measles. This is the most common name for the measles. You might hear the measles called, morbilli, rubella, red measles, or English measles.

Rubella is not exactly the same as measles, even though I have listed it as a different name for measles. Rubella is known as three day measles. Rubella has the same red rash as measles, and rubella has a lot of the same characteristics as measles. Therefore the two are confused a lot. Rubella has milder illnesses than measles. if rubella reaches a pregnant women, rubella can lead to permanent and severe birth defects.

Whats the history of measles?

The measles was discovered in the year 1757. A Scottish physician discovered  the measles way of infecting the body.

This was not the start though. The measles was discovered in the ninth century. A Persian doctor first

 

Interviews

I talked to Margret who is a nurse at Swedish family clinic.

Me: Do you specialize or a doctor you know someone who specializes in the measles?

Margret: Um well, the doctors who would do that does not work at our clinic.

Me: Uh huh. How often do you meet someone with the measles?

Margret:I do not recall someone with the measles ever in our clinic. If so they would be in a closed room so no one else gets the measles. You know, people with the measles can be hospitalized.

Me: Yes. I know you said you don’t work with the measles but what got you into working with people who have illnesses like the measles?

Margret: When I first became a nurse I worked with children. Children need to get vaccines when their young to keep them from getting the measles. It hurts a little but it is much better than getting the measles.

Me: Yah, um. Do you think it would be scary to see someone with the measles suffering?

Margret: Um it would it be scary to see someone with the measles suffering was your question?

Me: Yes

Margret:Um it would not be scary for someone in the medical field to see someone with the measles. They would be behind closed doors so it doesn’t spread to their family and others.

Me: OK, um… What is it like working with the measles?

Margret: Well it’s very rewarding giving vaccines ti keep people well. Living in Seattle you meet a lot of people from all over the world who do not get vaccinated as a child. So it is very rewarding

Me: And what did you say your name was?

Margret: My name is Margret and I’m an RN at Swedish family clinic

Me: Thank you!

Margret: You’re welcome

Sources

Mayo Clinic Staff. “Measles.” Mayo Clinic, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/measles/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374862.

“Questions About Measles.” CDC, 17 May 2019, www.cdc.gov/measles/about/faqs.html.

Ducharme, Jamie. “Should You Get a Measles Booster Shot? Here’s What Experts Say.” Time, time.com/5579675/should-i-get-a-measles-booster-shot/.